Pilates was developed by Joseph Pilates in the early twentieth century.
Born in Germany in 1883, Joseph developed his practice as a way of strengthening his physical fitness after suffering from asthma, rickets and rheumatic fever as a child. Once he had gained strength he went on to train as a gymnast and body builder, earning a living, as a boxer, circus performer and self defence trainer, in England.
During World War 1 he was interned as a German citizen, and began teaching his fellow interns wrestling and self defence. It was during this time that he developed his minimal equipment and matwork exercises, that he later named "Controlology"
After the war he moved back to Germany and developed an interest in physical arts. Collaborating with Rudolph Laban, they introduced the Pilates movement method into professional dance.
He moved to America circa 1925, and meet his future wife on the boat crossing. They shared an enthusiasm for fitness and together they founded their studio in New York.
Controlology became known as Pilates after Joseph's death in 1967.
The Body Control Pilates method is adapted from the classical exercises developed by Joseph Pilates; making the original series accessible for everyone and enabling a linear progression towards the advanced classical series.